Video lectures « Previous  •  Next » Orthography

This is taken from the Introduction to Smyth's Greek Grammar". Note that your Διδάσκαλος is in accord with Prof. Smyth on the pronunciation of omicron.

Form

Name

Equivalents

Sound as in

Α

α

ἄλφα

alpha

a

a: aha; a: father

Β

β

βῆτα

beta

b

beg

Γ

β

γάμμα

gamma

g

go

Δ

δ

δέλτα

delta

d

dig

Ε

ε

εἴ, ἐ(ἒ ψιλόν)

ëpsîlon

ê

met

Ζ

ζ

ζῆτα

zeta

z

daze

Η

η

ἦτα

eta

e

Fr. fête

Θ

θ

θῆτα

theta

th

thin

Ι

ι

ἰῶτα

iôta

i

e: me teor; i:  police

Κ

κ

κάππα

kappa

c, k

kin

Λ

λ

λάμβδα

lambda

l

let

Μ

μ

μῦ

mu

m

met

Ν

ν

νῦ

nu

n

net

Ξ

ξ

ξεῖ (ξῖ)

xi

x

lax

Ο

ο

οὔ, ὄ 
(ὂ μικρόν)

omicron

o

obey

Π

π

πεῖ (πῖ)

pi

p

pet

Ρ

ρ

ῥῶ

rho

r

run

Σ

σ, ς

σίγμα

sigma

s

such

Τ

τ

ταῦ

tau

t

tar

Υ

υ

ὔ (ὒ ψιλόν)

upsilon

(u) y

û: Fr. tu; u: sûr

Φ

φ

φεῖ (φῖ)

phi

ph

graphic

Χ

χ

χεῖ (χῖ)

chi

ch

Germ.  machen

Ψ

ψ

ψεῖ (ψῖ)

psi

ps

gypsum

Ω

ω

ὦ (ὦ μέγα)

ômêga

ô

note